qubiter.SEO_simulator module¶

class
qubiter.SEO_simulator.
SEO_simulator
(file_prefix, num_qbits, init_st_vec=None, **kwargs)[source]¶ Bases:
qubiter.SEO_reader.SEO_reader
This class simulates the evolution of a quantum state vector.
This class has SEO_reader as a parent. Each line of an English file is read by the parent class and handed over to the use_ functions of this simulator class. The use_ functions multiply the current state vector by the unitary matrix that represents the latest line read.
An initial state vector can be entered via the constructor or else it is set to the ground state automatically by the constructor.
3 kinds (called 0, 1, 2) of measurements MEAS are allowed. A type 0 measurement inserts a projector
0><0 = n = P_0
at the target bit. A type 1 measurement inserts a projector1><1 = nbar = P_1
at the target bit. A type 2 measurement stores a copy of the state vector after0><0
has been applied, and another copy after1><1
has been applied.self.cur_st_vec_dict is a dictionary of strings (called branch keys) to state vectors StateVec on num_qbits qubits. We will refer to each state vec in the dict as a branch. Initially, this dict contains a single branch with branch key = “pure”. A measurement MEAS of kinds 0 or 1 does not change the number of branches in the dict, but a measurement of kind 2 doubles their number.
Note that since projectors are not unitary matrices, the branches of cur_st_vec_dict are not expected have normalized state vectors as values except when there is only a single branch.
If cur_st_vec_dict contains as values the states
br0>, br1>, br2>, ...
, then one can construct the density matrix of that state asrho = br0><br0 + br1><br1 + br2><br2 + ...
divided by a number so that trace(rho)=1. In other words, cur_st_vec_dict is just a particular way of storing the density matrix of a state. A state with a single branch is a pure state, but a state with more than one branch may not be.An item of cur_st_vec_dict may be key=some string, value=None. This means the state vector of that branch is zero.
Variables:  cached_sts (dict[int, dict(str, StateVec)]) – A dictionary mapping an int to past values of self.cur_st_vec_dict. Used by use_PRINT() sometimes.
 cur_st_vec_dict (dict(str, StateVec)) – dictionary with key= branch_key string and value= StateVecNone. If there is a single item in dict, the dict represents a pure state and the key is “pure”. If there is more than one item, the dict represents a mixed state and each branch key is a string that uniquely characterizes the measured controls. For example, if it has been measured previously (type 2 measurement only) that qubit 2 is True and qubit 4 is False, the branch key will be ‘4F2T’.
 lib (str) – tensor library. Either ‘np’ for numpy or ‘tf’ for tensorflow
 tensordot (function) –
 transpose (function) –
 use_tf (bool) – True iff using TensorFlow Eager. False by default

__init__
(file_prefix, num_qbits, init_st_vec=None, **kwargs)[source]¶ Constructor
Parameters:  file_prefix (str) –
 num_qbits (int) –
 init_st_vec (StateVec) – Get this using the functions StateVec.get_ground_st_vec() or StateVec.get_standard_basis_st_vec().

static
branch_is_part_of_mcase
(br_trols, case_trols)[source]¶ Returns True iff the controls br_trols defining a branch of self.cur_st_vec_dict agree with the controls case_trols defining a case measured.
Parameters: Returns: Return type: bool

convert_tensors_to_numpy
()[source]¶ This method is meant to be overridden to replace tensorflow tensors (or some other nonnumpy tensor type) by numpy tensors.

convert_tensors_to_tf
()[source]¶ This method is meant to be overridden to replace numpy tensors by tensorflow tensors (or some other nonnumpy tensor type).

describe_st_vec_dict
(**kwargs)[source]¶ Calls method with same name in class StateVec. It prints a description of the current state vector dictionary. Can call this at the end, after running through whole circuit.
Parameters: kwargs (dict[]) – Returns: Return type: None

do_array_assignment_workaround
(br_key, slicex, sub_arr)[source]¶ Internal function used in evolve_ methods iff autograd is on or use_tf is True. Should have same effect as
self.cur_st_vec_dict[br_key].arr[slicex] = sub_arr
Parameters:  br_key (str) –
 slicex (tuple) –
 sub_arr (np.ndarray) –
Returns: Return type: None

do_more_init_before_reading
()[source]¶ Stub. Called in SEO_simulator.__init__ immediately before calling SEO_reader.__init__
Returns: Return type: None

evolve_by_controlled_one_qbit_gate
(tar_bit_pos, controls, one_qbit_gate)[source]¶ Evolve each branch of cur_st_vec_dict by controlled one bit gate ( from class OneQubitGate) iff the controlled one bit gate line is (1) outside of an IF_M block, or (2) it is inside such a block, and it satisfies self.mcase_trols. Note one_qbit_gate is entered as np.ndarray.
Parameters:  tar_bit_pos (int) – bit position of target of one bit gate.
 controls (Controls) –
 one_qbit_gate (np.ndarray) –
Returns: Return type: None

evolve_by_controlled_qbit_swap
(bit1, bit2, controls)[source]¶ Evolve each branch of cur_st_vec_dict by controlled bit swap iff the bit swap line is (1) outside of any IF_M block, or (2) it is inside such a block, and it satisfies self.mcase_trols.
Parameters:  bit1 (int) –
 bit2 (int) – bit1 and bit2 are the positions of the 2 bits being swapped.
 controls (Controls) –
Returns: Return type: None

finalize_next_line
()[source]¶ Prints running documentary at the end of the reading of each line.
Returns: Return type: None

static
get_br_key_with_new_link
(br_key, new_bit_pos, new_kind)[source]¶ Say new_bit_pos=2 and new_kind=True. This returns a new branch key with ‘2T’ added to the end of the string br_key.
Parameters:  br_key (str) –
 new_bit_pos (int) –
 new_kind (bool) –
Returns: Return type: str

get_controls_from_br_key
(br_key)[source]¶ Returns a Controls object built from br_key. br_key is assumed to be a str key for self.cur_st_vec_dict.
Parameters: br_key (str) – Returns: Return type: Controls

get_counts
(num_shots, omit_zero_counts=True, use_bin_labels=True, rand_seed=None)[source]¶ This method calculates a probability distribution that we call pd from the current state vector if it is pure. (If the state vec is not pure, it calculates a density matrix from the self.cur_st_vec_dict. Then it extracts the diagonal of that density matrix. That diagonal must be a probability distribution that we call pd.) Then the method samples pd, num_shots times. The method returns the result of that sampling as an OrderedDict state_name_to_counts. Depending on the value of the flag use_bin_labels, the state names are a string ‘0’, ‘1’, ‘2’, etc, or their binary representations followed by ‘ZL’, because the ZL convention is assumed.
Parameters:  num_shots (int) –
 omit_zero_counts (bool) –
 use_bin_labels (bool) –
 rand_seed (int) –
Returns: Return type: OrderedDict[str, int]

reshape
¶ Used by autodoc_mock_imports.

tensordot
¶ Used by autodoc_mock_imports.

transpose
¶ Used by autodoc_mock_imports.

use_DIAG
(trols, rad_angles)[source]¶ This method should not be called. If called, it explains why it shouldn’t be called.
Parameters:  trols (Controls) –
 rad_angles (list[float]) –

use_HAD2
(tar_bit_pos, controls)[source]¶ Overrides the parent class use_ function. Calls evolve_by_controlled_one_qbit_gate() for had2.
Parameters:  tar_bit_pos (int) –
 controls (Controls) –
Returns: Return type: None

use_IF_M_beg
(controls)[source]¶ Do nothing.
Parameters: controls (Controls) – Returns: Return type: None

use_MEAS
(tar_bit_pos, kind)[source]¶ Overrides the parent class use_ function.
For kind 0 (resp., 1) measurements, it applies
P_0=0><0
( resp.,P_1=1><1
) to each branch of cur_st_vec_dict.For kind 2 measurements, it first doubles the number of branches in cur_st_vec_dict by adding a deep copy of each branch. Next, it applies P_0 to half of the branches of the dict and P_1 to the other half.
Parameters:  kind (int) –
 tar_bit_pos (int) –
Returns: Return type: None

use_MP_Y
(tar_bit_pos, trols, rad_angles)[source]¶ This method should not be called. If called, it explains why it shouldn’t be called.
Parameters:  tar_bit_pos (int) –
 trols (Controls) –
 rad_angles (list[float]) –

use_PHAS
(angle_rads, tar_bit_pos, controls)[source]¶ Overrides the parent class use_ function. Calls evolve_by_controlled_one_qbit_gate() for PHAS.
Parameters:  angle_rads (float) –
 tar_bit_pos (int) –
 controls (Controls) –
Returns: Return type: None

use_PRINT
(style, line_num)[source]¶ Prints to screen a description of self.cur_st_vec_dict.
Parameters:  style (str) – style in which to print
 line_num (int) – line number in eng & pic files in which PRINT command appears
Returns: Return type: None

use_P_PH
(projection_bit, angle_rads, tar_bit_pos, controls)[source]¶ Overrides the parent class use_ function. Calls evolve_by_controlled_one_qbit_gate() for P_0 and P_1 phase factors.
Parameters:  projection_bit (int) – 0 (resp. 1) for P_0 (resp. P_1) projection
 angle_rads (float) –
 tar_bit_pos (int) –
 controls (Controls) –
Returns: Return type: None

use_ROTA
(axis, angle_rads, tar_bit_pos, controls)[source]¶ Overrides the parent class use_ function. Calls evolve_by_controlled_one_qbit_gate() for rot along axes x, y, or z.
Parameters:  axis (int) – 1, 2, 3 for x, y, z
 angle_rads (float) –
 tar_bit_pos (int) –
 controls (Controls) –
Returns: Return type: None

use_ROTN
(angle_x_rads, angle_y_rads, angle_z_rads, tar_bit_pos, controls)[source]¶ Overrides the parent class use_ function. Calls evolve_by_controlled_one_qbit_gate() for rot along arbitrary axis.
Parameters:  angle_x_rads (float) –
 angle_y_rads (float) –
 angle_z_rads (float) –
 tar_bit_pos (int) –
 controls (Controls) –
Returns: Return type: None

use_SIG
(axis, tar_bit_pos, controls)[source]¶ Overrides the parent class use_ function. Calls evolve_by_controlled_one_qbit_gate() for sigx, sigy, sigz.
Parameters:  axis (int) – 1, 2, 3 for x, y, z
 tar_bit_pos (int) –
 controls (Controls) –
Returns: Return type: None

use_SWAP
(bit1, bit2, controls)[source]¶ Overrides the parent class use_ function. Calls evolve_by_controlled_qbit_swap().
Parameters:  bit1 (int) –
 bit2 (int) –
 controls (Controls) –
Returns: Return type: None

use_SWAY
(bit1, bit2, controls, rads_list)[source]¶ Overrides the parent class use_ function. Calls evolve_by_controlled_one_qbit_gate() 3 times.
This relies on the fact that
SWAY(0, 1) = SWAY(1, 0) = X—@ @—U2 X—@
U2 = exp(j*(rads0 + rads1*sig_x))
rads_list = [rads0, rads1]
Parameters:  bit1 (int) –
 bit2 (int) –
 controls (Controls) –
 rads_list (list[float]) –
Returns: Return type: None

use_U_2_
(rads0, rads1, rads2, rads3, tar_bit_pos, controls)[source]¶ Overrides the parent class use_ function. Calls evolve_by_controlled_one_qbit_gate() for arbitrary unitary 2dim matrix.
Parameters:  rads0 (float) –
 rads1 (float) –
 rads2 (float) –
 rads3 (float) –
 tar_bit_pos (int) –
 controls (Controls) –
Returns: Return type: None